|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($2,546)||Benefits minus costs||($9,477)|
|Participants||($809)||Benefit to cost ratio||($88.14)|
|Others||($4,895)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($1,121)||benefits greater than the costs||4 %|
|Net program cost||($106)|
|Benefits minus cost||($9,477)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||($409)||($901)||($414)||$0||($1,724)|
|Health care associated with educational attainment||($97)||$26||$106||($48)||($13)|
|Costs of higher education||$44||$66||$20||$22||$152|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($53)||($53)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$100||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($106)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Buckner, J.C., & Chesney-Lind, M. (1983.) Dramatic cures for juvenile crime: An evaluation of a prisoner-run delinquency prevention program. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 10(2), 227-247.
Cook D.D., & Spirrison, C.L. (1992). Effects of a prisoner-operated delinquency deterrence program: Mississippi's Project Aware. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 17(3-4), 89-99.
Finchkenauer, J.O., & Gavin, P.W. (with Hovland, A., & Storvoll, E.). (1999). Scared Straight: the panacea phenomenon revisited. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press.
Lewis, R.V. (1983). Scared straight--California style: Evaluation of the San Quentin Squires program. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 10(2), 209-226.
Locke, T.P., Johnson, G.M., Kirigin-Ramp, K., Atwater, J.D., & Gerrard, M. (1986). An evaluation of a juvenile education program in a state penitentiary. Evaluation Review, 10(3), 281-298.
Michigan Department of Corrections. (1967). A six month follow-up of juvenile delinquents visiting the Ionia Reformatory (Research Report No. 4). Lansing: Michigan Department of Corrections.
Orchowsky, S., & Taylor, K. (1981). The Insiders juvenile crime prevention program: An assessment of a juvenile awareness program (Document No. NCJ 79768). Richmond: Virginia Department of Corrections, Division of Program Development and Evaluation, Research and Reporting Unit.
Vanzandt, J. (1979). Menard Correctional Center: Juvenile tours impact study (Document No. NCJ 062932). Marion, IL: Greater Egypt Regional Planning & Development Commission.
Vreeland, A.D. (1982). Evaluation of Face-to-Face: A juvenile aversion program. Dissertation Abstracts International, 42(10), 4597A.
Yarborough, J.C. (1979). Evaluation of JOLT (Juvenile Offenders Learn Truth) as a deterrence program (Document No. NCJ 060290). Lansing: Michigan Department of Corrections.