|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,913||Benefits minus costs||$6,523|
|Participants||$3,189||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||$648||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$436||benefits greater than the costs||100 %|
|Net program cost||$338|
|Benefits minus cost||$6,523|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|K-12 grade repetition||$6||$0||$0||$3||$9|
|K-12 special education||$18||$0||$0||$9||$27|
|Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$1,380||$3,038||$0||$0||$4,418|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$516||$168||$639||$258||$1,581|
|Costs of higher education||($12)||($17)||($5)||($6)||($40)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||$169||$169|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$730||2009||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||$338|
|Comparison costs||$1,035||2009||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Externalizing behavior symptoms||6||172||-0.103||0.131||13||-0.049||0.071||16||-0.125||0.409|
|Major depressive disorder||14||846||-0.239||0.051||13||0.000||0.020||14||-0.375||0.001|
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