|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$2,966||Benefits minus costs||$8,894|
|Participants||$428||Benefit to cost ratio||$5.05|
|Others||$6,111||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$1,586||benefits greater than the costs||96 %|
|Net program cost||($2,198)|
|Benefits minus cost||$8,894|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$182||$400||$0||$1,292||$1,874|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$142||$28||$139||$71||$380|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,107)||($1,107)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$2,198||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($2,198)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Illicit drug use disorder||3||993||-0.136||0.144||34||0.000||0.187||37||-0.122||0.410|
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