|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$177||Benefits minus costs||($3,150)|
|Participants||($552)||Benefit to cost ratio||($0.34)|
|Others||$2,506||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($2,929)||benefits greater than the costs||42 %|
|Net program cost||($2,352)|
|Benefits minus cost||($3,150)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||($1)||$0||($1)|
|Labor market earnings associated with cannabis abuse or dependence||$3||$6||$0||$0||$9|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($162)||($358)||$0||($1,920)||($2,440)|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||($889)||($174)||($872)||($445)||($2,380)|
|Health care associated with cannabis abuse or dependence||$2||$1||$3||$1||$7|
|Costs of higher education||($18)||($27)||($8)||($9)||($61)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,177)||($1,177)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$2,253||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($2,352)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||1||25||0.029||0.292||18||0.029||0.292||18||0.079||0.788|
|Cannabis use disorder||2||61||-0.012||0.209||18||-0.012||0.209||18||0.002||0.991|
|Illicit drug use disorder||1||225||0.177||0.098||18||0.000||0.187||21||0.177||0.070|
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