|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($502)||Benefits minus costs||($1,644)|
|Participants||($266)||Benefit to cost ratio||n/a|
|Others||($686)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($189)||benefits greater than the costs||24 %|
|Net program cost||$0|
|Benefits minus cost||($1,644)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($127)||($280)||$0||($4)||($411)|
|Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($8)||($1)||($8)||($4)||($22)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||($1)||$0||($1)|
|Health care associated with psychiatric hospitalization||($48)||($1)||($11)||($23)||($82)|
|Health care associated with emergency department visits||$86||$16||$100||$43||$245|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$0||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||$0|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||1||113||0.169||0.141||44||0.000||0.000||45||0.169||0.228|
|Emergency department visits||1||57||-0.471||0.244||44||0.000||0.000||45||-0.471||0.053|
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