|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($3,419)||Benefits minus costs||($12,801)|
|Participants||($6,938)||Benefit to cost ratio||($80.03)|
|Others||($309)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($1,978)||benefits greater than the costs||23 %|
|Net program cost||($158)|
|Benefits minus cost||($12,801)|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($3,123)||($6,877)||$0||($1,752)||($11,753)|
|Health care associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||($294)||($49)||($282)||($146)||($771)|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||($12)||($22)||$0||($34)|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($79)||($79)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$957||2013||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($158)|
|Comparison costs||$804||2013||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol use disorder||12||333||-0.393||0.161||41||0.165||0.181||42||-0.393||0.001|
|Drinking and driving^||1||20||-1.048||0.337||41||0.000||0.000||42||-1.048||0.001|
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