|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,099||Benefits minus costs||$2,850|
|Participants||$2,122||Benefit to cost ratio||$7.56|
|Others||$181||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($117)||benefits greater than the costs||62 %|
|Net program cost||($435)|
|Benefits minus cost||$2,850|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with problem alcohol use||$949||$2,091||$0||$30||$3,071|
|Property loss associated with problem alcohol use||$0||$3||$6||$0||$9|
|Health care associated with emergency department visits||$148||$28||$171||$70||$416|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($218)||($218)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$362||2005||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($435)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2005||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Drinking and driving^||4||776||-0.158||0.080||34||-0.022||0.120||36||-0.158||0.048|
|Emergency department visits||1||52||-0.317||0.321||34||-0.043||0.481||36||-0.317||0.322|
|Illicit drug use^||2||721||-0.065||0.071||34||-0.009||0.107||36||-0.065||0.362|
|Opioid drug use^||1||87||0.000||0.150||34||0.000||0.225||36||0.000||1.000|
|Problem alcohol use||27||4591||-0.139||0.032||34||-0.019||0.047||36||-0.139||0.001|
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