|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,306||Benefits minus costs||$3,958|
|Participants||$2,717||Benefit to cost ratio||$25.59|
|Others||$85||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$10||benefits greater than the costs||75 %|
|Net program cost||($161)|
|Benefits minus cost||$3,958|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with problem alcohol use||$1,226||$2,701||$0||$50||$3,977|
|Property loss associated with problem alcohol use||$0||$4||$7||$0||$11|
|Health care associated with problem alcohol use||$79||$13||$76||$41||$208|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($80)||($80)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$151||2011||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($161)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2011||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Drinking and driving^||1||62||-0.686||0.340||40||-0.094||0.509||42||-0.686||0.043|
|Problem alcohol use||15||1403||-0.170||0.050||40||-0.023||0.075||42||-0.170||0.001|
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