|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$467||Benefits minus costs||$1,120|
|Participants||$105||Benefit to cost ratio||$5.90|
|Others||$200||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$576||benefits greater than the costs||52 %|
|Net program cost||($229)|
|Benefits minus cost||$1,120|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Property loss associated with alcohol abuse or dependence||$0||$0||$1||$0||$1|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$38||$85||$0||$474||$597|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$29||$5||$25||$19||$78|
|Health care associated with general hospitalization||$75||$4||$65||$38||$182|
|Health care associated with psychiatric hospitalization||$286||$4||$64||$140||$495|
|Health care associated with emergency department visits||$39||$7||$45||$19||$110|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($115)||($115)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$228||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2015 dollars)||($229)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Alcohol abuse or dependence||3||684||-0.001||0.124||41||0.000||0.186||44||-0.001||0.995|
|Illicit drug abuse or dependence||2||643||-0.016||0.081||41||0.000||0.187||44||-0.016||0.845|
|Emergency department visits||3||753||-0.090||0.105||41||0.000||0.000||42||-0.090||0.388|
|Primary care visits||2||417||0.531||0.188||41||0.000||0.000||42||0.531||0.005|
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