|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,140||Benefits minus costs||$4,488|
|Participants||$1,612||Benefit to cost ratio||$2.19|
|Others||$458||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$5,047||benefits greater than the costs||88 %|
|Net program cost||($3,769)|
|Benefits minus cost||$4,488|
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Benefits from changes to:1||Benefits to:|
|Labor market earnings associated with opioid drug abuse or dependence||$689||$1,518||$0||$6,709||$8,916|
|Health care associated with opioid drug abuse or dependence||$450||$94||$455||$227||$1,225|
|Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($1,889)||($1,889)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$3,613||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2016 dollars)||($3,769)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
|Estimated Cumulative Net Benefits Over Time (Non-Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in non-discounted dollars to simplify the “break-even” point from a budgeting perspective. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes (ES) and standard errors (SE) used in the benefit-cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
|Opioid use disorder||8||623||-0.945||0.304||37||0.000||0.000||38||-0.945||0.002|
|STD risky behavior^||3||492||-0.559||0.242||37||0.000||0.000||38||-0.559||0.021|
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