|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$3,200||Benefits minus costs||$22,450|
|Participants||$4,125||Benefit to cost ratio||$38.29|
|Others||$1,591||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$14,136||benefits greater than the costs||76 %|
|Net program cost||($602)|
|Benefits minus cost||$22,450|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Alcohol use disorder^^
Clinical diagnosis of alcohol use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Illicit drug use disorder
Clinical diagnosis of illicit drug use disorder or symptoms measured on a validated scale. When possible, we exclude cannabis/marijuana use disorder from this outcome.
Adult use of cannabis that does not rise to the level of “disordered.”
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Illicit drug use disorder||Criminal justice system||$2||$0||$4||$1||$6|
|Labor market earnings associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$1,195||$2,807||$0||($597)||$3,404|
|Health care associated with illicit drug abuse or dependence||$1,544||$239||$1,587||$772||$4,142|
|Mortality associated with illicit drugs||$459||$1,079||$0||$14,262||$15,800|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($301)||($301)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$548||2012||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($602)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2012||Cost range (+ or -)||20 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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