|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$13,762||Benefits minus costs||$39,009|
|Participants||$24,095||Benefit to cost ratio||$543.67|
|Others||$4,112||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($2,888)||benefits greater than the costs||99 %|
|Net program cost||($72)|
|Benefits minus cost||$39,009|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Major depressive disorder
Clinical diagnosis of major depression or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Clinical diagnosis of an anxiety disorder (e.g., general anxiety, panic, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
How well individuals (typically those who are developmentally disabled or seriously mentally ill) have adapted to activities of daily living.
Clinical diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Major depressive disorder||Mortality associated with depression||$1||$3||$0||$44||$48|
|Post-traumatic stress||Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$9,777||$22,966||$0||($4,888)||$27,854|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$3,984||$1,126||$4,112||$1,992||$11,214|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($36)||($36)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$974||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($72)|
|Comparison costs||$830||2008||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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