|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($30)||Benefits minus costs||($96)|
|Participants||($65)||Benefit to cost ratio||($22.35)|
|Others||($6)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$8||benefits greater than the costs||51 %|
|Net program cost||($4)|
|Benefits minus cost||($96)|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Problem alcohol use
Alcohol use reflecting problem behaviors (e.g., high frequency drinking, binge drinking, or drinking that has a high impact on daily life) for individuals who do not have an alcohol use disorder.
Adult use of alcohol that does not rise to the level of “problem” or “disordered.”
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Problem alcohol use||Criminal justice system||$0||$0||($3)||$0||($3)|
|Labor market earnings associated with problem alcohol use||($27)||($64)||$0||$14||($77)|
|Property loss associated with problem alcohol use||$0||$0||($1)||$0||($1)|
|Health care associated with problem alcohol use||($2)||$0||($3)||($1)||($7)|
|Mortality associated with problem alcohol||$0||$0||$0||($2)||($2)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($2)||($2)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$4||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($4)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||15 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Fried, A.B., & Dunn, M.E. (2012). The Expectancy Challenge Alcohol Literacy Curriculum (ECALC): a single session group intervention to reduce alcohol use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 26(3), 615-20.
Fried, A. (2010). Evaluation of an expectancy challenge presentation in reducing high-risk alcohol use among Greek affiliated college students. Orlando, Fla: University of Central Florida.
Fried, A.B. (2013). Evaluation of digitally enhanced Expectancy Challenge Alcohol Literacy Curriculum (ECALC) for use with mandated college students. Orlando, Fla: University of Central Florida.