|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$588||Benefits minus costs||$2,966|
|Participants||$296||Benefit to cost ratio||$5.76|
|Others||$470||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||$2,236||benefits greater than the costs||70 %|
|Net program cost||($624)|
|Benefits minus cost||$2,966|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
Arrests, charges, convictions, or incarcerations for domestic violence.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Low birthweight birth||Health care associated with low birthweight births||($2)||$0||($2)||($1)||($6)|
|Cesarean sections||Health care associated with Cesarean sections||$87||$4||$87||$44||$222|
|From secondary participant|
|Low birthweight birth||Health care associated with low birthweight births||($19)||($1)||($19)||($10)||($49)|
|Preterm birth||Infant mortality||$135||$318||$0||$2,655||$3,108|
|NICU admission||Health care associated with NICU admissions||$404||$16||$404||$202||$1,027|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($654)||($712)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,967||2014||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($624)|
|Comparison costs||$1,383||2014||Cost range (+ or -)||15 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
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