|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||($295)||Benefits minus costs||($2,922)|
|Participants||$0||Benefit to cost ratio||($1.42)|
|Others||($668)||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($751)||benefits greater than the costs||33 %|
|Net program cost||($1,208)|
|Benefits minus cost||($2,922)|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Any criminal conviction according to court records, sometimes measured through charges, arrests, incarceration, or self-report.
Violations of the conditions of an individual’s terms of probation, parole, or supervision.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Crime||Criminal justice system||($295)||$0||($668)||($148)||($1,110)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($604)||($604)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,145||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($1,208)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||35 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Clark, V.A., & Duwe, G. (2013). An outcome evaluation of a prison-based life-skills program: The power of people. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology.
Melton, R., & Pennell, S. (1998). Staying out successfully: An evaluation of an in-custody life skills training program. San Diego, Calif: Association of Governments.
Miller, M.L. (1997). Evaluation of the life skills program. Division of Correctional Education, Department of Corrections, Delaware. Wilmington: Delaware.