|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$1,749||Benefits minus costs||$2,380|
|Participants||$1,156||Benefit to cost ratio||$2.38|
|Others||$1,624||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($420)||benefits greater than the costs||65 %|
|Net program cost||($1,730)|
|Benefits minus cost||$2,380|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Disruptive behavior disorder symptoms
Clinical diagnosis of a disruptive behavior disorder (e.g., conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
Symptoms of internalizing behavior (e.g., sadness, anxiety, or withdrawal) measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Disruptive behavior disorder symptoms||Criminal justice system||$63||$0||$160||$32||$255|
|Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$429||$1,009||$551||($215)||$1,774|
|K-12 grade repetition||$13||$0||$0||$7||$20|
|K-12 special education||$400||$0||$0||$200||$600|
|Health care associated with disruptive behavior disorder||$917||$259||$946||$458||$2,580|
|Costs of higher education||($74)||($111)||($33)||($37)||($255)|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($865)||($865)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,640||2016||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($1,730)|
|Comparison costs||$0||2016||Cost range (+ or -)||50 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Jent, J.F, & Niec, L.N. (2006). Mentoring youth with psychiatric disorders: The impact on child and parent functioning. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 28(3), 43-58.
Jent, J.F., & Niec, L.N. (2009). Cognitive behavioral principles within group mentoring: A randomized pilot study. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 31(3), 203-219.