|Benefit-Cost Summary Statistics Per Participant|
|Taxpayers||$5,475||Benefits minus costs||$14,530|
|Participants||$9,613||Benefit to cost ratio||$22.08|
|Others||$1,647||Chance the program will produce|
|Indirect||($1,515)||benefits greater than the costs||81 %|
|Net program cost||($689)|
|Benefits minus cost||$14,530|
|Meta-Analysis of Program Effects|
|Outcomes measured||Treatment age||Primary or secondary participant||No. of effect sizes||Treatment N||Adjusted effect sizes(ES) and standard errors(SE) used in the benefit - cost analysis||Unadjusted effect size (random effects model)|
|First time ES is estimated||Second time ES is estimated|
Externalizing behavior symptoms
Symptoms of externalizing behavior (e.g., aggressive, hostile, or disruptive behavior) measured on a validated scale.
Symptoms of internalizing behavior (e.g., sadness, anxiety, or withdrawal) measured on a validated scale.
Clinical diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or symptoms measured on a validated scale.
|Detailed Monetary Benefit Estimates Per Participant|
|Affected outcome:||Resulting benefits:1||Benefits accrue to:|
|Externalizing behavior symptoms||Criminal justice system||$2||$0||$5||$1||$9|
|K-12 special education||$7||$0||$0||$4||$11|
|Internalizing symptoms||Labor market earnings associated with high school graduation||$28||$65||$36||($14)||$115|
|K-12 grade repetition||$3||$0||$0||$2||$5|
|Health care associated with internalizing symptoms||$83||$24||$86||$42||$235|
|Costs of higher education||($5)||($7)||($2)||($2)||($16)|
|From secondary participant|
|Post-traumatic stress||Labor market earnings associated with PTSD||$3,880||$9,114||$0||($1,940)||$11,055|
|Health care associated with PTSD||$1,475||$417||$1,522||$738||$4,152|
|Program cost||Adjustment for deadweight cost of program||$0||$0||$0||($345)||($345)|
|Detailed Annual Cost Estimates Per Participant|
|Annual cost||Year dollars||Summary|
|Program costs||$1,761||2015||Present value of net program costs (in 2018 dollars)||($689)|
|Comparison costs||$1,035||2010||Cost range (+ or -)||10 %|
Benefits Minus Costs
Benefits by Perspective
Taxpayer Benefits by Source of Value
|Benefits Minus Costs Over Time (Cumulative Discounted Dollars)|
|The graph above illustrates the estimated cumulative net benefits per-participant for the first fifty years beyond the initial investment in the program. We present these cash flows in discounted dollars. If the dollars are negative (bars below $0 line), the cumulative benefits do not outweigh the cost of the program up to that point in time. The program breaks even when the dollars reach $0. At this point, the total benefits to participants, taxpayers, and others, are equal to the cost of the program. If the dollars are above $0, the benefits of the program exceed the initial investment.|
Graham-Bermann, S.A., Lynch, S., Banyard, V., DeVoe, E.R., & Halabu, H. (2007). Community-based intervention for children exposed to intimate partner violence: an efficacy trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75(2), 199-209.
Graham-Bermann, S.A., & Miller, L.E. (2013). Intervention to reduce traumatic stress following intimate partner violence: an efficacy trial of the Moms' Empowerment Program (MEP). Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 41(2), 329-350.