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This paper uses Family Income Study data to examine child care use among public assistance households and a comparison group of households at risk of receiving assistance in 1988. To illustrate more current child care patterns, we describe child care use of those households from the original 1988 public assistance sample that also received public assistance in 1991.
Policymakers in some states are considering limiting public assistance grants for applicants who have recently migrated from states that offer lower monthly grants. This policy change reflects the belief that states offering higher monthly grants attract welfare recipients. In January 1992, Washingtons maximum AFDC benefit for a family of three ranked 10th highest out of the 50 states. When compared with neighboring states, Washington has a higher public assistance grant amount than Oregon, Idaho, and Montana, and a lower grant amount than California. Apart from California, eight additional states pay higher grants than Washington. We get migrants from these states as well.
Most states increase the monthly public assistance grant when a new baby is born into the household. Recently, policymakers in some states have either eliminated, or proposed to eliminate, the grant increase. These changes in public assistance policy are based on the belief that the structure of grant payments may provide an economic incentive for women on public assistance to have more children.
Washington State Senate Bill 5474 created an interagency task force to examine data collection efforts related to the education and well-being of children. Task force members represented legislative staff; key state agencies involved with data collection and with children's programs; and the associations of school directors, school administrators, cities, and counties. The Washington State Institute for Public Policy provided the staff support for the task force. The task force's primary purpose was to determine ways to provide aggregated program data on children, using school district boundaries as the mechanism for sorting the information.
Presented in this report are the results of a follow-up study of 197 male juvenile sex offenders who participated in offense-specific treatment at any of ten project sites in 1984, and who were subjects in a previous study of short-term treatment outcomes. Extensive case-level data were collected on each offender during the previous study. These data provided a rich base of descriptive information on the characteristics of juvenile sex offenders, their offenses, their victims, their involvement in treatment, their prognosis, and their juvenile reoffense behavior during a short follow-up period.
This study identified demographic, offense, and criminal justice system factors that contribute to the decision to grant Washington State's Special Sex Offender Sentencing Alternative (SSOSA) to certain eligible sex offenders and not to others who are eligible. Comparative rates of recidivism (rearrest and reconviction) for those who did and did not receive this sentence option were also analyzed.
Many factors contribute to the processes by which women in Washington State leave public assistance. Longitudinal data from the Family Income Study provide information on the patterns of public assistance use and the reasons why women leave public assistance.
This report examines early compliance of adult sex offenders with a new registration requirement enacted as part of the Community Protection Act of 1990 (Chapter 3, Laws of 1990). The analysis compared Washington State Patrol records of registered adult sex offenders as of November 9, 1990, with records of sex offenders released from correctional or mental health institutions, or sentenced to supervision, on or after the effective date of the law.
This report examines the dynamics of poverty for women in Washington State. Data from the Family Income Study are used to investigate why women become poor, why some stay poor, and what allows some to escape poverty altogether.